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Did you know? The average energy burden for low-income households is 8.6%, three times higher than the average energy burden of 3% for non-low-income households. Depending on climate and income levels, the energy burden can even be as high as 30%. (Low-Income Community Energy Solutions | Department of Energy)

The Bonneville Power Administration’s (BPA) Low-Income Energy Efficiency (LIEE) program directly benefits qualifying low-income residents by funding the installation of energy-efficiency measures in their homes at no cost. Residents benefit from lower utility bills, healthier indoor air, and a more comfortable environment. Measures include insulation, air sealing, and efficient HVAC systems, water heating, and some appliances. Utilities, states, and tribal staff work with community action agencies and directly with installers to income-qualify residents and complete the work. This Program supplements the Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP).

BPA’s LIEE program provides funding through two pathways. One path is through grants established directly with state and tribal governments for residents in BPA's customer utility territory. The other is through BPA customer utility LIEE Energy Efficiency Incentives (EEI) programs.

The Low-Income New Opportunities Guide (available in Spanish) is a resource designed to help explain BPA’s LIEE programs, how the different funding sources work, and how to build new connections within the Low-Income network. A one-sheet summary of the Guide (available in Spanish) is also available for anyone who would like a more general overview of the LIEE program.

​At a Glance: State Low-Income Energy-Efficiency Grant Program
​BPA manages four state Low-Income Energy Efficiency (LIEE) grants established with Washington, Oregon, Montana, and Idaho. Funding for the State and Tribal LIEE grant program budget is approximately $6 million per year. It is determined annually as part of BPA's IPR (Integrated Program Review) process.
State agencies can set their income qualification guidelines within their State Agency Plans. Review the Low-Income New Opportunities Guide (available in Spanish) for more information. Also, click here for a summary of what was updated for the LIEE grant cycle FY2022 - 2023.
​ At a Glance: Tribal Low-Income Energy-Efficiency Grant Program

BPA offers LIEE grants directly established with tribal governments. Applications for requesting grant funding are accepted on a rolling basis throughout the year as funding is available. See below for how to apply.
Tribal LIEE grants fund the same energy-efficiency technologies as the state grant program, but funds are allocated directly to the tribe in a government-to-government partnership. This allows the tribe to manage the staffing, community outreach and scale of the program to best meet the needs of the tribe. Approximately 8 to12 grants are distributed on an annual basis with tribal governments across BPA's service territory.
The budget is established annually during the BPA's IPR (Integrated Program Review) process and is 10% of the overall LIEE grant budget. Grant budgets and performance periods can vary depending on the needs of the tribe and can be used for a variety of program options. Grant budgets can range from $5,000 to $100,000 depending on the tribe’s need and available budget.

Qualified households must fulfill the following requirements:

  •  Must have electric heat as their primary heat source for most measures, though it does not have to be working. If installing efficient appliances, the primary heat source can be any fuel type.
  • Must be occupied by a member of a federally recognized tribe.
  • Must be located in a public utility service territory served by BPA. (See: Tribal customer service areas map | BPA regional service areas map)
  • Must qualify as low income. Tribes can follow federal income qualification guidelines, establish their own qualification standards, or follow any state income qualification guidelines.

Do you need Low-Income Energy Efficiency grant funding for your tribal community?

Please review the Tribal Low-Income Energy-Efficiency Grant Application (FY2022-23). All the information on how to apply starts in “Part IV – Applications and Submission Information”. Please reach out to Amy Burke, Low-Income Energy Efficiency Program Manager, at with any questions or if you need assistance completing your application. This grant application process is meant to be fairly simple and implementation is intentionally flexible to meet the needs of the community.
​At a Glance: BPA Customer Utility Low-Income Energy Efficiency EEI Program
​BPA customer utilities can offer Low-Income Energy Efficiency measures paid through their EEI (Energy Efficiency Incentive) budget for income qualified homes. Measures are available for weatherization, HVAC, and water heating equipment. This is a separate funding source from the grants mentioned above and have a different set of program implementation requirements and criteria for income qualification.
Utilities should reference the Implementation Manual for a full list of qualifying Low-Income measures, incentive levels, and implementation requirements and reach out to their Energy Efficiency Representative (EER) with any questions.
Regional Low-Income Energy-Efficiency Workgroup​​


The Northwest Public Power Regional Low-Income Energy-Efficiency Workgroup aims to share information and develop best practices to improve access for low income resident to and uptake of energy-efficiency services across the Northwest. All BPA-served public utilities in the region, low-income advocacy groups, community action partnerships, or CAPs, Tribal governments, state energy offices and other interested parties are invited. Please contact Amy Burke, Low-Income Energy Efficiency Program Manager, at to be added to the workgroup mailing list.

Identify barriers and solutions to increasing low-income access to energy-efficiency programs.

  • Increase knowledge of CAP and utility business activities.Increase knowledge of CAP and utility business activities.
  • Create and find simple solutions to streamline reporting between organizations such as CAPs and utilities.
  • Provide a venue for utilities, advocates and other organizations to come together and share ideas and successes for providing energy-efficiency opportunities to low-income residents.

All meetings are public and we welcome anyone interested in supporting the workgroup in finding solutions for offering low-income residents the opportunity to engage in energy-efficiency programs. The meetings will be posted to BPA’s Presentation & Webinars events page.

Structure and Principles for the Low Income Energy Efficiency Workgroup (Amended, January 2017).

​Low-Income Energy-Efficiency Resources

​These resources can help you locate and learn about low income energy efficiency, weatherization and other programs in your area that are available to low-income households.

Meeting Materials Archive
Meeting #19, Jan. 19, 2021, 1 p.m. - 3:30 p.m., Online
Webex connection information found in the agenda and here.
Meeting #18, Nov. 17, 2020, 1:00 pm. - 3:30 p.m., Online
Announcements: (Please see the meeting notes for more details.)
  • There is an opening for a non-utility position on the BPA Low-Income Steering Committee.
  • Temporary COVID allowances issued by U.S. Department of Energy allow grantees to cover housing for homeowners during the duration of the Low-Income Energy Efficiency project.

Meeting Notes 

Meeting #17, Aug. 4, 2020, 1:00 p.m. - 3:30 p.m., Online
Tacoma Power Remote Inspection Slides (To see detailed speaker notes, please click on the comment bubbles in the PDF.)
Meeting #16, June 27, 2019, 10:00 a.m. - Noon, Northern Wasco County PUD Board Room, 2345 River Road, The Dalles, OR 97058
Meeting #15, February 19, 2019, 10:00 a.m. Noon, PNGC Power, 711 NE Halsey, Portland, OR 97232-1268
2018: Hard to Reach Markets presentation, Yakima Nation Housing Authority presentation; Resource Program results and Energy Efficiency Goal proposal, Smart Thermostats presentation, Low Income Workgroup Heat Pump Water Heater training, PTCS ASHP Low Income Workgroup, Low Income Workgroup Ductless Heat Pump training.  
2017: Seattle City Light's Low Income Strategy, Repair costs vs Installation costs; NEEA DHP presentation, NEEA HPWH presentation, NEEA sample sell sheet; Hard to Reach Markets: Northwest Energy Coalition, Hard to Reach Markets: Northwest Power and Conservation Council, Manufactured Home ReplacementBPA; Tribal Grant Review program, QA Form_5_12_16.

2016: ReHome Oregon presentation, ReHome one pager; Healthy Homes presentation, Low-Income Measures presentation; Multifamily requirements, DHP costs, US Department of Energy for Multifamily DHP, Multiple Unit DHP case study, Multifamily duct sealing case study.